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Crescent Moon Center's program is inspired by scientific research into the healing properties and/or efficacy of equine-assisted learning and creative expression which support mental health, wellness, and addiction recovery.

Explore the resources below to learn more.


Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning
Baldwin, Ann L.; Rector, Barbara K.; and Alden, Ann C. (2018) "Effects of a Form of Equine-Facilitated Learning on Heart Rate Variability, Immune Function, and Self-Esteem in Older Adults," People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice: Vol. 1 : Iss. 1 , Article 5.

Contribution of the Patient-Horse Relationship to Substance Use Disorder Treatment

Kern-Godal A, Brenna IH, Kogstad N, et al. (2016) “Contribution of the patient-horse relationship to substance use disorder treatment: patients’ experiences.” Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being; Jun 9;11:31636. doi: 10.3402/qhw.v11.31636. eCollection 2016.

How Substance Use Disorder Patients Experience the Stable Environment in Horse-Assisted Therapy

Kem-Godal A, Brenna IH, Amevik EA, et al. (2016) “More than just a break from treatment: how substance use disorder patients experience the stable environment in horse-assisted therapy.” Subst Abuse. 10:99-108.

How Equine-Assisted Learning Contributes to the Wellbeing of...Youth in Treatment for Volatile Substance Misuse

Adams C, Arratoon C, Boucher J, et al. (2015) “The Helping Horse: How Equine Assisted Learning Contributes to the Wellbeing of First Nations Youth in Treatment for Volatile Substance Misuse.” Hum Anim Interact Bull. 2015; 1(1): 52-75.

A Prospective Study of Horse-Assisted Therapy for Young Adults

Kem-Godal A, Arnevik EA, Walderhaug E, et al. (2015) “Substance use disorder treatment retention and completion: a prospective study of horse-assisted therapy (HAT) for young adults.” Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2015;10:21.

The Impact of Equine-Assisted Learning

Frederick KE, Ivey Hatz J, Lanning B. (2015) “Not just horsing around: the impact of equine-assisted learning on levels of hope and depression in at-risk adolescents.” Community Ment Health J. 2015;51(7): 809-17.

Equine-Assisted Therapy

MacLean B. (2011) “Guest editorial: equine-assisted therapy.” J Rehabil Res Dev. 48(7): ix-xii.


Art Informing Health Psychology

Kaptein AA, Hughes BM, Murray M, et al. (2018) “Start making sense: art informing health psychology.” Health Psychol Open. 2018 Mar; 5(1): 2055102918760042. eCollection 2018 Jan-38, Jun.

Creative Cognition and Brain Network Dynamics

Beatty RE, Benedek M, Silvia PJ, et al. (2016) “Creative cognition and brain network dynamics.” Trends Cogn Sci. 2016;20(2): 87-95.

Arts, Brain and Cognition

Demarin V, Bedekovic MR, Puretic MB, et al. (2016) “Arts, brain and cognition.” Psychiatr Danub. 2016;28(4): 343-48.

Reduction of Cortisol Levels and Participants' Responses Following Art-Making

Kaimal G, Ray K, Muniz J. (2016) “Reduction of cortisol levels and participants’ responses following art making.” Art Ther (Alex). 2016;33(2): 74-80.

The Use of Art and Music Therapy in Substance Abuse Treatment

Aletraris Lydia PhD, Paino, Maria PhD, et al (2014) “The Use of Art and Music Therapy in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs.” MPHJ Addict Nurs. 2014 Oct; 25(4): 190–196.

How Art Changes Your Brain

Bolwerk A, Mack-Andrick J, Lang FR, Dörfler A, Maihöfner C. (2014) “How Art Changes Your Brain: Differential Effects of Visual Art Production and Cognitive Art Evaluation on Functional Brain Connectivity.” PLoS ONE 9(7): e101035..

Art Therapy and the Brain

Lusebrink, Vija B. (2004) “Art Therapy and the Brain: An Attempt to Understand the Underlying Processes of Art Expression in Therapy.” Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 21(3) pp. 125-135


Poetry and Medicine

Bromberg R. (2008) “Poetry and medicine.” Medscape J Med. 2008;10(3):63.

The Healing Art of Poem-Making

Fox, John. (1997) “Poetic Medicine: The Healing Art of Poem-Making.” Penguin Putnam Incorporated. ISBN 0874778824, 9780874778823

Truth and Creativity in Poem-Making

Fox, John. (1995) “Finding What You Didn't Lose: Expressing Your Truth and Creativity through Poem-Making.” Putnam. ISBN 0874778093, 9780874778090


Health Benefits of Gardening

Soga, M.; Cox, D.T.C.; Yamaura, Y.; Gaston, K.J.; Kurisu, K.; Hanaki, K. (2017) “Health Benefits of Urban Allotment Gardening: Improved Physical and Psychological Well-Being and Social Integration.” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 71.

Interaction with Indoor Plants May Reduce Psychological and Physiological Stress

Lee MS, Lee J, Park BJ, Miyazaki Y. (2015) “Interaction with indoor plants may reduce psychological and physiological stress by suppressing autonomic nervous system activity in young adults: a randomized crossover study.” J Physiol Anthropol. 2015;34(1):21.

BBC's Science Focus:

"Even a ‘tiny patch of nature’ in a front garden reduces stress and makes people happier."

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